Fibromyalgia Treatment

Fibromyalgia Treatment: Understanding the Options Available


One of the major challenges with fibromyalgia is that the exact cause is unknown. However, researchers believe that abnormalities in how the brain processes pain signals may play a role. Some potential causes that are being studied include:

– Genetics: Fibromyalgia seems to run in families, so genetics may make some people more prone to developing it. Certain genetic mutations have been linked with fibromyalgia.

– Trauma or Injury: Developing fibromyalgia sometimes follows a physically or emotionally traumatic event like a car accident or death in the family. This suggests the trauma may have triggered symptoms in those prone genetically.

– Hormonal Imbalances: Since fibromyalgia affects many more women than men, hormonal factors likenormal menstrual cycles and menopause may interact with other issues to bring on symptoms.

– Sleep Disturbances: Many patients experience significant sleep problems like insomnia which seem to worsen their pain and fatigue. Poor sleep may help perpetuate the condition.

Diagnosing Fibromyalgia

There is no single lab test to definitively diagnose Fibromyalgia Treatment. Doctors rely on assessing a patient’s medical history and the pattern and severity of their symptoms. The criteria used for diagnosis include:

– Widespread pain in all four areas of the body (left and right sides as well as above and below the waist) for at least 3 months.

– Pain when pressure is applied to at least 11 of 18 tender point sites on the body. These points tend to be very sensitive to pressure.

– Symptoms like fatigue, memory/concentration issues, depression/anxiety, headaches and irritable bowel syndrome which often accompany the musculoskeletal pain.

– Ruling out other possible causes for these symptoms via blood tests, physical exams or x-rays/MRIs to check for other issues.

Fibromyalgia Treatment Options

Once diagnosed, the goals of fibromyalgia treatment are to reduce pain and increase functionality. A comprehensive treatment plan tailored to each individual commonly includes:


– Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen are often tried first.

– Prescription medications – Antidepressants likeduloxetine, milnacipran or tropisetron are frequently used even if no depression is present since they boost neurotransmitters affecting pain. Seizure medications such asgabapentin or pregabalin are also commonly prescribed.

– Muscle relaxers may temporarily relieve pain and stiffness.

– Sleep aids can help improve rest if insomnia is present.

– Anti-seizure or other centrally-acting drugs may reduce pain signals.

Lifestyle and Complementary Approaches

– Exercise – Gentle aerobic exercise and strength training can help relieve symptoms when done regularly. Things like walking, swimming or tai chi are recommended.

– Stress management through relaxation techniques, meditation, yoga or deep breathing helps some patients.

– Cold/heat therapy like ice packs, heating pads or soaking in warm water provides temporary relief.

– Chiropractic care or massage may release muscle tension and reduce discomfort.

– Diet changes to control weight and avoid trigger foods that make symptoms worse for some.


Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychological counseling used for Fibromyalgia Treatment. CBT aims to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviors surrounding chronic pain. Learning coping strategies through CBT has been shown to help some patients manage their symptoms. Group therapy sessions can also offer peer support from others going through similar challenges.

While there is no cure for fibromyalgia as yet, by combining both pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments tailored to the individual, many people are able to gain improvements in their pain levels and physical function. With the right treatment plan, lifestyle modifications and maintaining a positive mindset, learning how to better manage this condition is certainly possible.

1.  Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it