Australia Ammonia Market is Estimated to Witness High Growth Owing to Rising Application in Fertilizer Production


The Australia ammonia market has been gaining prominence over the recent past owing to increased adoption of ammonia in fertilizer production. Ammonia enjoys considerable use in manufacturing of numerous nitrogen fertilizers used extensively to boost crop yields. It is a colourless gas with penetrating pungent smell and acts as a building block for production of liquid fertilizers such as urea, ammonium nitrate, diammonium phosphate and others. Ammonia derived fertilizers provide crops with essential nitrogen required for healthy growth. Considering extensive dependency of Australian agriculture on chemical fertilizers and substantial agricultural output, demand for ammonia from fertilizer companies has surged significantly.

The Global Australia ammonia market is estimated to be valued at US$ 934.85 Million in 2024 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 6.4% over the forecast period 2023 to 2030.

Key Takeaways

Key players operating in the Australia ammonia market are Incitec Pivot Limited, Yara International ASA, Orica Limited, and Wesfarmers Chemicals, Energy & Fertilisers.

The Australia ammonia market is expected to witness lucrative opportunities owing to advances in coal gasification technology aiding domestic production of ammonia. increasing government support for green ammonia also presents new prospects.

Advent of carbon-free hydrogen production technologies will boost green ammonia output in Australia. Projects leveraging renewable energy for emission-free ammonia synthesis are gaining traction.

Market drivers

Rising demand for nitrogen-based chemical fertilizers from Australian agriculture is a key growth driver for the ammonia market. As a chief ingredient in popular fertilizers, increasing fertilizer consumption will drive ammonia demand. According to industry estimates, Australian farms apply over 1.5 million tons of nitrogenous fertilizers annually to boost agricultural productivity. This widespread reliance on chemical manure underpins growth of the domestic ammonia sector.

Current Challenges in Australia Ammonia Market

The Australia ammonia market is facing various challenges such as rising raw material prices, stringent emission norms, and shortage of workforce. Ammonia being a commodity chemical, its prices are highly dependent on raw material prices. As raw materials like natural gas, coal, and other feedstocks have witnessed a significant rise in prices over the past year amid supply issues, it has inflated the production cost for ammonia producers. Additionally, the government has introduced stringent norms to curb greenhouse gas emissions from fertilizer production. Meeting these standards requires huge capital investments, which has increased the compliance burden for market players. Another challenge is the shortage of skilled workforce in the industry. There is a lack of technical experts involved in ammonia production and supply chain operations. This scarcity of talent is making it difficult for companies to scale up and optimize operations.

SWOT Analysis

  • Strength: Strong feedstock advantage due to abundant reserves of natural gas and coal. The nation is among the top exporters of natural gas and coal.
  • Weakness: High power and transportation costs reduce the profit margins for ammonia producers. Most manufacturing facilities are located far from ports, adding to logistics expenses.
  • Opportunity: Growing demand for cleaner fuels is boosting investments in blue and green ammonia. The government is providing incentives for production of zero-carbon ammonia using renewable energy.
  • Threats: Fluctuations in raw material prices can squeeze margins. Changes in environmental policies of importing nations pose uncertainties.

Geographical Presence

In terms of value, the Asia Pacific region accounts for more than 50% share of the Australia ammonia market backed by large agricultural sector and thriving chemical industry. China, India, and other emerging Asian countries heavily rely on ammonia fertilizers to boost agricultural yields. The rapid industrialization and infrastructure development underway in the region also stimulates ammonia consumption for various construction applications.

The Western Australia region is witnessing the fastest growth and garnering significant investments for ammonia production projects. Backed by proximity to natural gas reserves and ports, companies are setting up green and blue ammonia plants in regions like Pilbara to cater to growing export demand as well as domestic needs of mining and industrial sectors. The growing transportation and power sectors are also contributing to the increased offtake of ammonia and derivatives in Western Australia.